Member since: 2018
Organization: Loughborough University
Easy to use and good value for money.
Application Area: Flow cytometry
"This product is very easy to use (simple protocol) and gives consistent results. I highly recommend it. Product delivered quickly."
Annexin V (or Annexin A5) is a member of the annexin family of intracellular proteins that binds to phosphatidylserine (PS) in a calcium-dependent manner. PS is normally only found on the intracellular leaflet of the plasma membrane in healthy cells, but during early apoptosis, membrane asymmetry is lost and PS translocates to the external leaflet. Fluorochrome-labeled Annexin V can then be used to specifically target and identify apoptotic cells. Annexin V Binding Buffer is recommended for use with Annexin V staining. Annexin V binding alone cannot differentiate between apoptotic and necrotic cells. To help distinguish between the necrotic and apoptotic cells we recommend use of our 7-amino-actinomycin D (7-AAD) solution. Early apoptotic cells will exclude 7-AAD, while late stage apoptotic cells will stain positively, due to the passage of these dyes into the nucleus where they bind to DNA.
7-AAD (7-amino-actinomycin D) has a high DNA binding constant and is efficiently excluded by intact cells. It is useful for DNA analysis and dead cell discrimination during flow cytometric analysis. When excited by 488 laser light, 7-AAD fluorescence is detected in the far red range of the spectrum (650 nm long-pass filter).