Metabolic syndrome is a group of cardiovascular risk factors. It is highly prevalent with approximately 20-25% of adults affected.
It is estimated that having metabolic syndrome leads to a person being three times more likely to have a stroke or heart attack and five times more likely to develop diabetes. However, the pathophysiological processes leading to metabolic syndrome remain unclear, with no universally accepted definition. The IDF (International Diabetes Federation) has proposed a metabolic syndrome definition for worldwide application.
They propose that a person must have central obesity plus two of the following:
Metabolic Syndrome Array I:
Metabolic Syndrome Array II: