Application Note: Nanoliter Scale High-Throughput Protein Crystallography Screening with the Echo® Liquid Handler
24 April 2013

This application note demonstrates how the Echo liquid handler enables protein crystal formation with sitting drop volumes as small as 50 nL. Nanoliter volumes of protein and crystallography reagents can be transferred into sitting drop wells of crystallography plates. Precise and accurate drop placement eliminates cross contamination and ensures drop-on-drop placement for blending protein and crystallography solutions. Precise transfer of reagents ensures repeatable crystallization trials.