The B18R protein is a vaccinia virus-encoded receptor with specificity for mouse, human, rabbit, pig, rat, and cow type I interferons which has potent neutralizing activity. Reactivity to mouse has been shown to be less than other species. The B18R protein is a type I interferon receptor encoded by the B18R gene of the Western Reserve vaccinia virus strain. The 60-65 kD glycoprotein is related to the interleukin-1 receptors and is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily, unlike other type I IFN-receptors, which belong to the class II cytokine receptor family. The B18R protein has a high affinity (KD, 174 pM) for human IFN alpha and, unlike other type I IFN receptors, has broad species specificity, binding to type I interferons of human, mouse, rat, rabbit, pig, and cow. Among viral h...Read more
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