CD3 complex is crucial in transducing antigen-recognition signals into the cytoplasm of T cells and in regulating the cell surface expression of the TCR complex. T cell activation through the antigen receptor (TCR) involves the cytoplasmic tails of the CD3 subunits CD3γ, CD3 δ, CD3ε and CD3ζ. These CD3 subunits are structurally related members of the immunoglobulins superfamily encoded by closely linked genes on human chromosome 11. The CD3 components have long cytoplasmic tails that associate with cytoplasmic signal transduction molecules. This association is mediated at least in part by a double tyrosine-based motif present in a single copy in the CD3 subunits. CD3 may play a role in TCR-induced growth arrest, cell survival and proliferation. The CD3 antigen is present on 68-82% of normal peripheral blood lymphocytes, 65-85% of thymocytes and Purkinje cells in the cerebellum. It is never expressed on B or NK cells. Decreased percentages of T lymphocytes may be observed in some autoimmune diseases.
|Reactivity||Human, Non-Human Primate|
|Storage||Avoid prolonged exposure to light. Store in the dark at 2-8°C. Do not freeze.|
|Buffer||The reagent is provided in stabilizing phosphate buffered saline (PBS) solution, pH ≈7.4, containing 0.1% (w/v) sodium azide.|
|Flow Cytometry (FC), Immunocytochemistry (ICC), Immunohistochemistry (Formalin-Fixed Sections) (IHC (F)), Western Blotting (WB)|